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Breast cancer doctors help in the treatment of the disease
The role of breast cancer doctor to treat the disease
Although breast cancer doctors can help greatly in the treatment of the disease, a womanâ€™s preferences play an important role in determining treatment options. However, treatment options also depend on the type and stage of breast cancer and the womanâ€™s overall health.
Treatment almost always involves surgery performed by breast cancer doctors. Depending on the size of the tumor and how many lymph nodes contain cancer cells, the doctors may suggest using radiation therapy, chemotherapy or both after surgery. Sometimes, if a tumor is large, chemotherapy is given before surgery to reduce the size of the tumor. Breast cancer doctors may also the use of hormone-blocking drugs or biologic preparations, such as antibodies, which help the body fight against the disease. Often, doctors use a combination of therapies to treat the breast cancer.
Surgery performed by breast cancer doctors
Breast cancer doctors usually use two approaches for surgery: breast-conserving surgery and mastectomy. In breast-conserving surgery, the doctors removes the cancerous tumor and some surrounding tissue but leaves as much of the breast intact as possible. Surrounding tissue is removed to help improve the likelihood that the cancer will be cured. However, if the cancer doctors remove less tissue to preserve more of the breast, the patients will heal faster and keep more of the natural appearance of her breasts.
There are three types of breast conserving surgery that breast cancer doctors can apply. A lumpectomy removes the least amount of surrounding tissue. A partial mastectomy (also called wide excision surgery) and a quadrantectomy remove the tumor and some additional surrounding tissue. Lymph nodes may be removed as well. Breast cancer doctors often use radiation therapy after the breast conserving surgery to reduce the likelihood of recurrence in the remaining breast tissue. In the early stage of breast cancer, doctors can get the combination of the results of breast-conserving surgery and radiation therapy because it is equivalent to the results of mastectomy. However, the breast cancer doctors usually perform mastectomy when the tumor is so widespread that all of the tumor cannot be removed unless the whole breast is removed.
A simple mastectomy involves removing the breast. In a modified radical mastectomy, the breast cancer doctors also remove the lymph nodes in the underarm area. In a radical mastectomy, the cancer doctors remove not only the lymph nodes in the underarm area but also the muscle under the breast.
Breast cancer doctors can perform surgery to reconstruct the breast can be done at the time of the initial surgery or several months later. The decision depends on the nature and site of the cancer. Decisions regarding reconstructive surgery are very personal, and a woman should discuss the possibilities with the breast cancer doctors to have the best strategy. Since immediate reconstruction prolongs the length of the initial operation, an important factor in the decision is the womanâ€™s general health.
Breast cancer doctors examine lymph nodes under the arm (sentinal lymph nodes) to determine whether the tumor has spread,. Contrast dye or a radioactive marker is injected into the breast at or near the cancer. The doctors can check for evidence of breast cancer by identifying the lymph node (or nodes) where the dye or marker accumulates. This procedure has reduced the need for extensive surgery of the underarm area and the subsequent risk of long-term arm swelling (lymphedema). Knowing whether the cancer has spread is critical in determining what additional therapy is needed.
When a woman with breast cancer has one or more other life-threatening diseases that shorten her life expectancy, doctors may not recommend treatment to cure the cancer. However, they usually recommend a lumpectomy to prevent the cancer from causing sores or ulcers in the remaining breast tissue, which would be painful and reduce the womanâ€™s quality of life.
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